Dr. Herbert Speckner Prize of the Ottobrunn community
The first prize of € 6,000 is donated by the municipality of Ottobrunn in memory of the director of the King Otto von Greece Museum in Ottobrunn near Munich who died in December 2020.
About the namesake:
In 1969 Herbert Speckner moved to Ottobrunn with his family. From the beginning, his scientific and journalistic interest was in the history of the Ottobrunn settlement area and the Ottobrunn community, founded in 1955, as well as its namesake, the Bavarian King Otto of Greece, and his wife Amalie. After the Otto-König-von-Greece-Museum (Otto-König-von-Greece-Museum) in the municipality of Ottobrunn was founded in December 1989, Bavarian-Greek history became his body and stomach topic during the reign of King Otto. In countless lectures, treatises, essays and articles, he contributed in a highly original way to a deeper understanding of this period of European history, which is comprehensively documented in the König Otto Museum. Thanks to his profound knowledge of the modern Greek language, he was able to draw on the original Greek sources in many ways. Even in his position as secretary of the museum support group, which he exercised with humor and esprit from its founding in January 1995 until his death, Herbert Speckner understood in an inimitable way that many people for the exhibits of the König Otto Museum and the To inspire story (s) behind it.
In 2015, he was awarded the Ottobrunn community medal for his great services. The district of Upper Bavaria awarded him the district medal in 2017 for his services to culture and monument preservation.
Herbert Speckner has left indelible marks. The community of Ottobrunn and the support group of the Otto-König-von-Greece-Museum will always keep an honorable memory of him.
The obituary for Dr. Speckner, the director of the Otto-König-von-Greece Museum, Prof. Dr. Jan Murken wrote.
Ibolyka Slotowski Prize for the best acompanist
donated by the descendants of the Slotowski family
The special prize of € 1,000 for the best piano accompaniment is donated by the Slotowski family. Ibolyka Slotowski was a Jewish pianist who lived in Görlitz before World War II.
About the namesake:
Ibolyka Feher Slotowski was born on August 29, 1900 in Budapest, Hungary. She came from an extended Jewish family and was the eldest of 3 siblings. Ibolyka studied at the Franz Liszt Academy for Music in Budapest and received a diploma there. Your teacher there was most likely Ernst (Ernő) von Dohnányi. At the age of 16 she won a piano competition and received a gold medal from Prince Esterházy!
At a concert in Budapest she met the businessman Walter Slotowski. Walter and Ibolyka married on December 23, 1923 in Budapest. Not long after their marriage, they moved to Görlitz, where they began to have a family.
The couple's first son, Tibor, was born on March 24, 1928 in Görlitz. A second son, Fery, joined the family on January 16, 1933. The Slotowski family was a member of the Görlitz synagogue and the Jewish community. It is reported that Ibolyka and Walter had a good life in Görlitz before the Nazis came to power. Unfortunately, this luck should not last.
Ibolyka was initially accepted into the Reichsmusikkammer, but in 1935 she was expelled and was banned from performing. Due to the strong anti-Semitism in Görlitz, the family was forced to leave Görlitz. The family of four fled to Budapest to see Ibolyka's parents, Theresea and Moritz. From there the Slotowski family traveled to Lötzen to see Walter's parents, Adolf and Klara. After saying goodbye to their families, the Slotowskis were ready to flee the increasingly dangerous European continent.
Before they left, Walter, Ibolyka and Fery said goodbye to Tibor, which, as I can only imagine, was an incredibly emotional farewell. It was 1939 and Tibor was put on one of the many "Kindertransport" ships. The Kindertrasnport was an organized rescue operation that brought almost 10,000 Jewish children to safety in England. During this eventful time, Ibolyka gave birth to a daughter, Ilona.
Walter, Fery, Ibolyka and the baby Ilona traveled to the other end of the world to escape the Nazis - to Shanghai. In the late 1930s, Shanghai was the only place other than the Dominican Republic open to Jewish refugees for visa-free entry, and around 20,000 European Jews found their way into the city in the late 1930s. When World War II broke out in 1939, more European Jews had found refuge in Shanghai than in any other city in the world. The authorities in Shanghai were completely unprepared for the massive immigration. Arriving refugee families like the Slotowskis found themselves confronted with harsh conditions in the impoverished Hongkou district: overcrowded rooms, near starvation, catastrophic sanitary facilities and hardly any work.
They reached the Chinese port city on August 28, 1939 with the steamer Giulio Cesare. According to the Shanghai Emigrant Address Book, the family lived in Shanghai at 818/48 Tongshan Road. Walter was unemployed (like so many Jewish refugees), and Ibolyka tried to make ends meet with piano lessons for other Jewish refugee families. Ibolyka placed an advertisement in the North-China Daily News in November 1939, offering piano lessons. Soon afterwards she succeeded in becoming a public figure as a pianist in the Shanghai ghetto. On February 13, 1940, she played piano works by Ludwig van Beethoven, Frédéric Chopin, Franz Liszt, Sergei Rachmaninov and Béla Bartók in a concert with the Hungarian musicians Ferdinand Adler, violin, and Teresa Renner, piano, at the American Women's Club.
In the winter of 1940 a typhus epidemic raged in the Shanghai ghetto. Ibolyka and Walter both fell ill. Ibolyka was the first to die of typhus on November 29, 1940. Only a few days later, on December 11, 1940, Walter followed her. Both Ibolyka and Walter were transferred to a poor hospital in Shanghai shortly before their death.
History of the Slotowski family in Görlitz